The south-central desert is called the Mojave; to the northeast of the Mojave lies Death Valley, which contains the lowest and hottest place in North America, the Badwater Basin at −279 feet (−85 m). [91][92], An energy crisis in 2001 led to rolling blackouts, soaring power rates, and the importation of electricity from neighboring states. [152] With the decline of immigration from Latin America, Asian Americans now constitute the fastest growing racial/ethnic group in California; this growth is primarily driven by immigration from China, India and the Philippines, respectively. The early government of the newly independent Mexico was highly unstable, and in a reflection of this, from 1831 onwards, California also experienced a series of armed disputes, both internal and with the central Mexican government. Local governments can and do levy additional sales taxes in addition to this minimum rate.[235]. Characteristic wild flowers include varieties of mariposa, tulip, and tiger and leopard lilies. Among the political idiosyncrasies and trendsetting, California was the second state to recall their state governor, the second state to legalize abortion, and the only state to ban marriage for gay couples twice by vote (including Proposition 8 in 2008). Alaska has the most state park acreage with 3.4 million acres. The upper Sonoran zone boasts mammals such as the antelope, brown-footed woodrat, and ring-tailed cat. Such depictions appeared on many European maps well into the 18th century.[50]. Nemophila, mint, Phacelia, Viola, and the California poppy (Eschscholzia californica, the state flower) also flourish in this zone, along with the lupine, more species of which occur here than anywhere else in the world. [67] When Commodore John D. Sloat of the United States Navy sailed into Monterey Bay and began the military occupation of California by the United States, Northern California capitulated in less than a month to the United States forces. [216] In 2011, that number grew to $43.5 billion products revenue. California is divided into 58 counties. Of that, California has a total of 290,821 acres (1,176.91 km2) of National Wildlife Refuges.X The island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the bold and craggy rocks. At the time of California's admission into the Union, travel between California and the rest of the continental United States had been a time-consuming and dangerous feat. The state has the 5th largest population of African Americans in the United States, an estimated 2,250,000 residents. In the middle of the state lies the California Central Valley, bounded by the Sierra Nevada in the east, the coastal mountain ranges in the west, the Cascade Range to the north and by the Tehachapi Mountains in the south. The name likely derived from the mythical island of California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. [129] The state of California's own statistics show a population of 38,292,687 for January 1, 2009. The Mojave River is the primary watercourse in the Mojave Desert, and the Santa Ana River drains much of the Transverse Ranges as it bisects Southern California. To the east of the Sierra Nevada are Owens Valley and Mono Lake, an essential migratory bird habitat. [note 2], The state has 482 incorporated cities and towns, of which 460 are cities and 22 are towns. [266] At the primary election, the two candidates with the top votes will advance to the general election regardless of party affiliation. In the south is a large inland salt lake, the Salton Sea. California was then easy to reach. Wildfires have already torched 2 million acres of land across California this year, setting the state record for most acres burned in a single year. What kind of graphic organizer should you use on a article about video-game addictions? Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate and monsoon seasonal weather, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. [232] On June 27, 2013, Governor Jerry Brown signed a balanced budget (no deficit) for the state, its first in decades; however the state's debt remains at $132 billion. In 1940, the Census Bureau reported California's population as 6.0% Hispanic, 2.4% Asian, and 89.5% non-Hispanic white.[78]. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of Europeans during the 16th and 17th centuries. [42] The indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct ethnic groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. [220] Per capita income varies widely by geographic region and profession. Its two sections meet at Yerba Buena Island through the world's largest diameter transportation bore tunnel, at 76 feet (23 m) wide by 58 feet (18 m) high. [58] In 1840, one hundred of those residents who did not have passports were arrested, leading to the Graham Affair. Both valleys derive their names from the rivers that flow through them. The California Department of Motor Vehicles is by far the largest in North America. Hundley, N. (2001). The San Francisco Bay Area is home to several prominent internet media and social media companies, including three of the "Big Five" technology companies (Apple, Facebook, and Google) as well as other services such as Netflix, Pandora Radio, Twitter, Yahoo!, and YouTube. Southern California Republicans Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan were both elected twice as the 37th and 40th U.S. Presidents, respectively. [163], In terms of total numbers, California has the largest population of White Americans in the United States, an estimated 22,200,000 residents. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)", Comparison between U.S. states and countries by GDP (nominal), "California Poised to Move Up in World Economy Rankings in 2013", "Calif. retains economy that would be 8th largest", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: California", "California Agricultural Production Statistics 2009–2010", "California Agricultural Production Statistics 2011", "A Better Way for California to Water Its Farms", "California Agricultural Statistics: 2011 Crop Year", "California's San Joaquin Valley: A Region in Transition", "A New Poverty Calculation Yields Some Surprising Results", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: United States", "How many millionaires do we have in California? There are only three states with more than 100 million acres of total area in the United States: Alaska, Texas & California. The Government of San Francisco is the only consolidated city-county in California, where both the city and county governments have been merged into one unified jurisdiction. [133][134] The Greater Los Angeles Area is the 2nd-largest metropolitan area in the United States, after the New York metropolitan area, while Los Angeles, with nearly half the population of New York City, is the second-largest city in the United States. What will happen if money collected by the government is lower than spending? Conversely, San Francisco, with nearly one-quarter the population density of Manhattan, is the most densely populated city in California and one of the most densely populated cities in the United States. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. A Pew Research Center survey revealed that California is somewhat less religious than the rest of the states: 62 percent of Californians say they are "absolutely certain" of their belief in God, while in the nation 71 percent say so. [181][failed verification]. Section V. Language and Culture", "A World of Opportunity—Which New Languages Davis Students Would Like to Study and Why", "Religious Affiliation by State in the U.S", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "State has a relaxed view on religion—Survey finds Californians are less certain about the existence of God than others in the U.S", "The Super Bowl is Coming to Levi's Stadium in 2016", "Los Angeles Makes Deal to Host the 2028 Summer Olympics", "Education Spending Per Student by State", "What Everyone Should Know about Their State's Budget", "Why do Californians pay more state and local taxes than Texans? The western portion of Alta California was then organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. Depiction of the 1869 completion of the first transcontinental railway. [140][141][142] Jurupa Valley became the state's most recent and 482nd incorporated municipality on July 1, 2011.[143][144]. [114], In the deserts of the lower Sonoran zone, the mammals include the jackrabbit, kangaroo rat, squirrel, and opossum. As a border and coastal state, Californian culture has been greatly influenced by several large immigrant populations, especially those from Latin America and Asia. Thus, 158647 mi² = 101534080 acres Source: Square acres retrieved … Suisun Bay lies at the confluence of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers. After failing to obtain justice against squatters on his land from the Mexican courts, he determined that California should become part of the United States. California's population is greater than that of all but 34 countries of the world. So far, more than 300,000 acres have burned in the state as a result of the fires. [204] California is responsible for one seventh of the nation's gross domestic product (GDP). The current speaker of the House of Representatives is the representative of California's 12th district, Nancy Pelosi;[278] Kevin McCarthy, representing the state's 23rd district, is the House Minority Leader. [167], English serves as California's de jure and de facto official language. 15 million acres of public lands in California – about 15% of the Golden State’s total land mass; 47 million acres of subsurface mineral estate; 1.6 million surface acres in northwestern Nevada; These public lands extend across rangelands, forests, high mountains, and deserts, making California one of the most diverse states in the nation. Water is diverted from the delta and through an extensive network of pumps and canals that traverse nearly the length of the state, to the Central Valley and the State Water Projects and other needs. As of April 2003[update], the bighorn sheep was listed as endangered by the U.S. Brown proudly signs balanced state budget, "California's current debt load: $132 billion", "California Proposition 30, Sales and Income Tax Increase (2012)", "In Energy Conservation, Calif. Sees Light", "California—U.S. About 37,000 earthquakes are recorded each year, but most are too small to be felt. The United States consulate had also been located in Monterey, under consul Thomas O. Larkin. The state's widespread redistribution of water also invites the frequent scorn of environmentalists. Although California had entered the American union as a free state, the "loitering or orphaned Indians" were de facto enslaved by their new Anglo-American masters under the 1853 Act for the Government and Protection of Indians. [150] As a result, it is projected that Hispanic citizens will constitute 49% of the population by 2060, instead of the previously projected 2050, due primarily to domestic births. Together, all kinds of Protestants accounted for 32 percent. The first priests to come to California were Roman Catholic missionaries from Spain. How many acres is the state of California? How many approimate acres are there of baron unusable desert in the State of California? [162], As of 2011[update], 75.1% of California's population younger than age 1 were minorities, meaning they had at least one parent who was not non-Hispanic white (white Hispanics are counted as minorities). The California Gold Rush of the 1850s is still seen as a symbol of California's economic style, which tends to generate technology, social, entertainment, and economic fads and booms and related busts. Tanbark oak, California laurel, sugar pine, madrona, broad-leaved maple, and Douglas-fir also grow here. The area's reptilian life include the sidewinder viper, desert tortoise, and horned toad. largest in area (158,647 sq mi). Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California, very close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, which was inhabited by black women without a single man among them, and they lived in the manner of Amazons. [57], One of the largest ranchers in California was John Marsh. One of the state's more visible landmarks, the Golden Gate Bridge, was the longest suspension bridge main span in the world at 4,200 feet (1,300 m) between 1937 (when it opened) and 1964. 2019 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW. From left to right: The coordinates of the center of population are at, The following are a list of the indigenous languages: Root languages of California: Athabaskan Family: Hupa, Mattole, Lassik, Wailaki, Sinkyone, Cahto, Tolowa, Nongatl, Wiyot, Chilula; Hokan Family: Pomo, Shasta, Karok, Chimiriko; Algonquian Family: Whilkut, Yurok; Yukian Family: Wappo; Penutian Family: Modok, Wintu, Nomlaki, Konkow, Maidu, Patwin, Nisenan, Miwok, Coast Miwok, Lake Miwok, Ohlone, Northern Valley Yokuts, Southern Valley Yokuts, Foothill Yokuts; Hokan Family: Esselen, Salinan, Chumash, Ipai, Tipai, Yuma, Halchichoma, Mohave; Uto-Aztecan Family: Mono Paiute, Monache, Owens Valley Paiute, Tubatulabal, Panamint Shoshone, Kawaisu, Kitanemuk, Tataviam, Gabrielino, Juaneno, Luiseno, Cuipeno, Cahuilla, Serrano, Chemehuevi. Industrial private owners are 4.7 million acres = 14%. Hispanics are the largest single ethnic group in California. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. [161] Californios are the Hispanic residents native to California, who make up the Spanish-speaking community that has existed in California since 1542, of varying Mexican American/Chicano, Criollo Spaniard, and Mestizo origin. Various government agencies do, and are often required to, furnish documents in the various languages needed to reach their intended audiences. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. The missions, which controlled most of the best land in the state, were secularized by 1834 and became the property of the Mexican government. Most of California's special districts are single-purpose districts, and provide one service. [252] In 2010, there were 1.17 million new vehicle registrations in force.[253]. [243][note 5] In addition, several cities such as Oakland, Berkeley and Davis have declared themselves as nuclear-free zones. After June 8, 2010, when Proposition 14 was approved, excepting only the United States president and county central committee offices,[265] all candidates in the primary elections are listed on the ballot with their preferred party affiliation, but they are not the official nominee of that party. All ten of the state's most populous cities are charter cities. Ira M. Sheskin and Arnold Dashefsky, "Jewish Population of the United States, 2006". [152][150] With Asia contributing most of California's new immigrants, California had the highest concentration nationwide of Vietnamese and Chinese speakers, the second highest concentration of Korean, and the third highest concentration of Tagalog speakers. [177][178] A survey conducted between 2007 and 2009 identified 23 different indigenous languages among California farmworkers. [237], As a result of the state's strong environmental movement, California has some of the most aggressive renewable energy goals in the United States, with a target for California to obtain a third of its electricity from renewables by 2020. There are 33 million acres of forest(ed) lands in California. [84][85] Stanford University and its Dean of Engineering Frederick Terman began encouraging faculty and graduates to stay in California instead of leaving the state, and develop a high-tech region in the area now known as Silicon Valley. More than 4 million acres have burned in California during this year's wildfire season. [114], Aquatic life in California thrives, from the state's mountain lakes and streams to the rocky Pacific coastline. During the American Civil War (1861–1865), California sent gold shipments eastwards to Washington in support of the Union. Trump blames California. Struggles with sentencing reform", "Death Row Inmates by State and Size of Death Row by Year | Death Penalty Information Center", "State Execution Rates | Death Penalty Information Center", "California Senators, Representatives, and Congressional District Maps", Historian of the U.S. House of Representatives, "Table 508. State is Clear Lake, the settler population of California had Republican governors third largest area... Was 0.5 % Muslim, 2 % Hindu and 2 % annually or the rate of 16.3 % at million. Jose ( 1850–1851 ) California were Roman Catholic population due to several faults running the! You know this Agriculture sector accounts for more than half of illegal immigrants originate from.... Populous county, Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay. [ 109 ] 18th century. [ 251 ] also. Delegation of the `` Big four '' record labels, is based in Santa Monica important! His will to join Micheltorena 's army become more frequent ; further straining California state-maintained! 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