Por seis meses, Eu [Ramakrishna] permaneci em um estado do qual homens normais nunca voltaram; geralmente o corpo despenca, após três semanas, como uma casca vazia. The text was published in five volumes from 1902 to 1932. "[105], Philosopher Lex Hixon writes that the Gospel of Ramakrishna is "spiritually authentic" and a "powerful rendering of the Kathamrita". Ramakrishna himself mentioned that they could find the bride at the house of Ramchandra Mukherjee in Jayrambati, three miles to the north-west of Kamarpukur. Vivekananda portrayed Ramakrishna as an Advaita Vedantin. [48] According to Ramakrishna and his biographers, Ramakrishna did not directly participate in the last two of those activities (some even say he didn't indulge in meat eating), all that he needed was a suggestion of them to produce the desired result. Com a ajuda de vidyamaya, ele disse que os devotos poderiam se livrar de avidyamaya e atingir a meta definitiva da existência mayatita - isto é, libertar-se de maya. Totapuri first guided Ramakrishna through the rites of sannyasa—renunciation of all ties to the world. Numerosos membros do Brahmo Samaj respeitavam-no. When Ramkumar died in 1856, Ramakrishna took his place as the priest of the Kali temple. Most of Ramakrishna's prominent disciples came between 1879–1885. [60][71][72], In 1875, Ramakrishna met the influential Brahmo Samaj leader Keshab Chandra Sen.[73][74] Keshab had accepted Christianity, and had separated from the Adi Brahmo Samaj. Entre seus contemporâneos, Keshab Chandra Sen e Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, líderes religiosos bastante conhecidos na época, eram seus admiradores. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (Bengali: শ্রীরামকৃষ্ণ পরমহংস, romanized: Ramokṛṣṇo Pôromhongśo [note 1]; 18 February 1836 – 16 August 1886),[1] born Gadadhar Chattopadhyaya,[2] (Bengali: গদাধর চট্টোপাধ্যায় [note 2]) was an Indian Hindu mystic, saint, and religious leader in 19th century Bengal. She carried with her the Raghuvir Shila, a stone icon representing Ram and all Vaishnava deities. Several of these people became Ramakrishna's teachers in the various schools[34] of Hinduism. Longe de opor-se ao casamento, o próprio Ramakrishna indicou Jayrambati, três milhas ao noroeste de Kamarpukur, como a aldeia onde sua noiva podia ser achada, na casa de um Mukherjee de Ramchandra. The literal translation is Women and Gold. A noiva de seis anos, Sri Sarada, foi achada e o casamento foi devidamente realizado. Alguns leitores vêem as concepção de Ramakrishna de Brahman como uma analogia à TEORIA-M (a teoria das cordas de 11 dimensões). Disse, "considero você como o própria mãe, a Mãe que está no templo". [103][104] Aldous Huxley wrote in his Forward to the Gospel, "...'M' produced a book unique, so far as my knowledge goes, in the literature of hagiography. These waves arising from the Great Ocean merge again in the Great Ocean. Ramakrishna moved to Kolkata in 1852 with Ramkumar to assist in the priestly work. Ele, entretanto, não gostava de ir para escola, e não tinha interesse em ganhar dinheiro. Ele adotou um nome claramente Vaishnavita (Rama e Krishna foram encarnações de Vishnu), mas ele era devoto de Kali, a deusa mãe, e era conhecido por seguir varias outras religiões incluindo o Tantrismo, o Cristianismo e o Islã. [66][67][68] According to these accounts, Ramakrishna "devoutly repeated the name of Allah, wore a cloth like the Arab Muslims, said their prayer five times daily, and felt disinclined even to see images of the Hindu gods and goddesses, much less worship them—for the Hindu way of thinking had disappeared altogether from my mind. However far and in whatever direction I looked, I saw shining waves, one after another, coming towards me. spiritual virtues, selfless action, enlightening qualities, kindness, purity, love, and devotion), which elevate human beings to the higher planes of consciousness. [23], In 1855 Ramakrishna was appointed as the priest of Dakshineswar Kali Temple, built by Rani Rashmoni—a wealthy female zamindar of Kolkata who was well known for her kindness and benevolence to the poor and also for her religious devotion, she belonged to the kaivarta community. University of Chicago Press. A idea mais tarde influenciou a visão de Aurobindo sobre a vida divina na Terra. [82], Ramakrishna's condition gradually worsened, and he died in the early morning hours of 16 August 1886 at the Cossipore garden house. [4], As a priest at the Dakshineshwar Kali Temple, his mystical temperament and ecstasies gradually gained him widespread acknowledgement, attracting to him various spiritual teachers, social leaders, and lay followers; he eventually taught disciples, who would later form the monastic Ramakrishna Order. He could read and write in Bengali. "[27], Rumors spread to Kamarpukur that Ramakrishna had become unstable as a result of his spiritual practices at Dakshineswar. Os vizinhos, alarmados, aconselharam a mãe de Ramakrishna que ele deveria se casar, de modo que estaria mais ciente de suas responsabilidades para com sua família. Section 5 Sri Ramakrishna with Brahmo Devotees at. [128] McDaniel notes that the Ramakrishna Mission is biased towards Advaita Vedanta, and downplays the importance of Shaktism in Ramakrishna's spirituality. And what I saw was an infinite shoreless sea of light; a sea that was consciousness. Sri Ramakrishna, who was born in 1836 and passed away in 1886, represents the very core of the spiritual realizations of the seers and sages of India. "[95][96] Postcolonial literary theorist Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak wrote that Ramakrishna was a "Bengali bhakta visionary" and that as a bhakta, "he turned chiefly towards Kali. Isto levou-o a ensinar a seus discípulos "jive daya noy, Shiv gyane jiv seba" ("não se deve apenas ser gentil com os seres vivos, mas servir os seres vivos como se fossem o próprio Shiva"). Eu não tinha consciência do dia e da noite. During this practice, Ramakrishna had a vision of a luminous figure, and Swami Nikhilananda's biography speculates that the figure was 'perhaps Mohammed'. Sri Ramakrishna concluiu, depois casar-se com ela, que seu relacionamento e atitude em direção a ele firmemente foram baseados numa conduta totalmente espiritual. The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna is an English translation of the Bengali religious text Sri Sri Ramakrishna Kathamrita by Swami Nikhilananda.The text records conversations of Ramakrishna with his disciples, devotees and visitors, recorded by Mahendranath Gupta, who wrote the book under the pseudonym of "M." The first edition was published in 1942. Sri Ramakrishna was the spiritual preacher who has accepted all religions as one. Among the Europeans who were influenced by Ramakrishna was Principal Dr. William Hastie of the Scottish Church College, Kolkata. [82][83] Ramakrishna asked Vivekananda to look after the welfare of the disciples, saying, "keep my boys together"[84] and asked him to "teach them". After the marriage, Sarada stayed at Jayrambati and joined Ramakrishna in Dakshineswar at the age of eighteen. Bhavamukha being a state of existence intermediate between samādhi and normal consciousness. The five-year-old bride, Saradamani Mukhopadhyaya (later known as Sarada Devi; she is also considered as an avatar) was found, and the marriage was duly solemnised in 1859. [10] There has been some dispute about the origin of the name Ramakrishna, but there is "...evidence which proves beyond doubt that the name 'Ramakrishna' was given to him by his father..."[11] Ramakrishna confirmed this himself, as recorded in "M"s diaries, "I was a pet child of my father. Swami Jagadananda, 5th ed., v.1, pp.558-561, Sri Ramakrishna Math, Madras", Utsav-Celebration: Tagore’s Approach to Cultivating the Human Spirit and the Study of Religion, Max Muller, The Life and Sayings of Ramakrishna, page 10 1898, "Vivekānanda's Rāmakṛṣṇa: An Untold Story of Mythmaking and Propaganda", "Kali's Child: The Mystical and Erotic in the Life and Teachings of Ramakrishna. According to his followers, Sri Ramakrishna's parents experienced supernatural incidents and visions before his birth. "[93], Max Müller[note 6] portrayed Ramakrishna as, "...a Bhakta, a worshipper or lover of the deity, much more than a Gñânin or a knower. He saw the imposition of strict adherence to each second on the watch as a roadblock to spirituality. Este foi um choque nos dias em que as tradições exigiam que a primeira alma fosse uma brahmin, mas ele foi inflexivel. Vivekananda's approach can be located in the historical background of Ramakrishna and Calcutta during the mid-19th century. Estranhamente, este professores vieram a ele quando foi necessário e ensinaram a ele como trilhar diferentes caminhos espirituais, sendo que, ao pratica-los, ele acabava por alcançar os mesmos êxtases e experiências que tinha ao adorar Kali. Chandramani Devi is said to have had a vision of light entering her womb from (Yogider Shiv Mandir) Shiva's temple. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (Bengali: রামকৃষ্ণ পরমহংস), nascido Gadadhar Chattopadhyay (Bengali: গদাধর চট্টোপাধ্যায়) [1], (Bengala, 18 de Fevereiro de 1836 – Calcutá, 16 de Agosto de 1886) foi um dos mais importantes líderes religiosos Hindus da Índia, e foi profundamente reverenciado por milhões de Hindus e não-Hindus como um mensageiro de Deus. [48] The Bhairavi, with the yogic techniques and the tantra played an important part in the initial spiritual development of Ramakrishna. Estas forças são responsáveis pelo aprisionamento dos humanos no ciclo de nascimento e morte, e devem ser combatidas até desaparecerem. Meu cabelo ficou emaranhado com poeira.[4]. [120], In the Kolkata scene of the mid to late nineteenth century, Ramakrishna was opinionated on the subject of Chakri. Sri Ramakrishna Vidyashala is a residential school for boys run by the Ramakrishna Mission in the southern Indian city of Mysore in Kannada.It offers a comprehensive education from high school to junior college, or grades eight through twelve. Two Recent Examples from Hinduism Studies", "Psychiatric aspects of psychomotor epilepsy", "Kali's Child: Psychological And Hermeneutical Problems", "Book Review: "Interpreting Ramakrishna: Kali's Child Revisited, Relationship between Ramakrishna and Vivekananda, Swami Vivekananda's travels in India (1888–1893), at the Parliament of the World's Religions (1893), Arise, awake, and stop not till the goal is reached, 150th birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Centenary College, Swami Vivekanand University, Madhya Pradesh, Notes of Some Wanderings with the Swami Vivekananda, Swami Vivekananda: Messiah of Resurgent India, Swami Vivekananda in the West: New Discoveries, Himalayan Institute of Yoga Science and Philosophy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ramakrishna&oldid=997636112, People considered avatars by their followers, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Instances of Lang-bn using second unnamed parameter, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from July 2019, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ramakrishna had many gurus including, Totapuri, Bhairavi Brahmani, A small group of women disciples including, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 14:36. Monastic disciples, who renounced their family and became the earliest monks of the Ramakrishna order, included Rakhal Chandra Ghosh (Swami Brahmananda), Kaliprasad Chandra (Swami Abhedananda), Taraknath Ghoshal (Swami Shivananda), Sashibhushan Chakravarty (Swami Ramakrishnananda), Saratchandra Chakravarty (Swami Saradananda), Tulasi Charan Dutta (Swami Nirmalananda), Gangadhar Ghatak (Swami Akhandananda), Hari Prasana (Swami Vijnanananda) Swami Turiyananda and others. Nesta epoca, uma mulher rica de Calcutá, Rani Rashmoni, fundou um templo em Dakshineswar. Acredita-se que ela tenha dominado cada segredo religioso com a mesma rapidez que Ramakrishna. [110], Ramakrishna is considered an important figure in the Bengali Renaissance of 19th–20th century. During the 1937 Parliament of Religions, which was held at the Ramakrishna Mission in Calcutta, Tagore acknowledged Ramakrishna as a great saint because, ...the largeness of his spirit could comprehend seemingly antagonistic modes of sadhana, and because the simplicity of his soul shames for all time the pomp and pedantry of pontiffs and pundits.[125]. Assim, rapidamente ele ficou conhecido e pessoas de todos os locais, posições e religiões começaram a vir ao seu encontro em busca de conselhos sobre a vida espiritual. No prefacio da tradução, Nikhilananda menciona, "Eu fiz um tradução literal, omitindo apenas algumas paginas, sem particular interesse para os leitores ingleses ." [118], Ramakrishna regarded maya to be of two natures, avidya maya and vidya maya. Historicamente, na Índia, a ênfase dada aos ensinamentos dos santos e pouca, tanto em datas quanto em detalhes. [14] Kamarpukur, being a transit-point in well-established pilgrimage routes to Puri, brought him into contact with renunciates and holy men. When his condition aggravated he was relocated to a large garden house at Cossipore on 11 December 1885. Por que não quer se revelar a mim também? A One Stop Online Store for all books on Sri Ramakrishna, Swami Vivekananda and Sri Sarada Devi, Hinduism, Gita, Upanishads, Yoga and Meditation. The School is run by Mr. M. Amoghavarsha. When I think of Him as active - creating, preserving and destroying - I call Him Sakti or Maya or Prakriti, the Personal God. [123], Other organisations include the Ramakrishna Vedanta Society founded by Swami Abhedananda in 1923, the Ramakrishna Sarada Math founded by a rebel group in 1929, the Ramakrishna Vivekananda Mission formed by Swami Nityananda in 1976, and the Sri Sarada Math and Ramakrishna Sarada Mission founded in 1959 as a sister organisation by the Ramakrishna Math and Mission. 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