It has a fancy name—the Kalam cosmological argument—but it’s really easy to understand. Derived from the Greek word telos, which refers to purpose or end, this argument hinges on the idea that the world gives evidence of being designed, and concludes that a divine designer must be posited to account for the orderly world we encounter. Similar to the subjective arguments for the existence of God, subjective arguments against the supernatural mainly rely on the testimony or experience of witnesses, or the propositions of a revealed religion in general.. The existence of God, a single, supreme being who created the heavens and the earth, is a controversial topic, but even among those who believe in the existence of God, finding a way to explain such existence has been nigh impossible. Obviously, much more can and has been written. A causal chain cannot be of infinite length. In effect Aquinas is claiming thatwhe… The Bible says that God exists and the Bible is God’s word. Now, one very common argument against the existence of God is the argument from evil. Therefore, there exists something that is the cause of the existence of all things, and of goodness, and of every perfection whatever. Presumably he means that some things that are goodare better than other good things; perhaps some noble people are noblerthan others who are noble. Second, the material universe (the cosmos) came into existence sometime in the past. God wouldn’t lie and so God exists. This approach is classically called the moral argument for God’s existence. Such a being could not be perfect unless its essence included existence. Something that resembles a moral argument for God’s existence,or at least an argument from value, can be found in the fourth ofThomas Aquinas’s “Five Ways” (Aquinas 1265–1274, I,1, 3). Thomas Hobbes argued that morality is based on the society around it, and is thus not objective. But, if so, how can I trust my own thinking to be true? Premise 2) Objective moral values exist. Below are 10 arguments for the existence of God. Existence of God 130.50 Kb. Now, one very common argument against the existence of God is the argument from evil. Therefore, a First Cause (or something that is not an effect) must exist. The Universe began to exist. 3. A Compelling Case For The Existence of God E-Book Review By David P. Craig Just because this e-book is short (approximately 60 pages) does not mean that it is simplistic or not weighty. Feel free to comment on the veracity (or your opinion of) each but remember to keep calm and argue reasonably. For there is discovered greater and lesser degrees of goodness, truth, nobility, and others. Three Major Arguments for God’s Existence. The existence of God A theist believes there is a God, an atheist believes there is no God, an agnostic is unsure if there is a God or not. the argument from design), The Moral Argument, and The Argument from Religious Experience. Cosmological argument (Greek Kosmos, lit. Therefore it is necessary to arrive at a first mover, put in motion by no other; and this everyone understands to be God. It was established that God’s existence can never be proven. The argument can be used against the existence of God and/or his competence. If no broken laws, then no problem of evil. There is motion in the universe. First, however, I want to show you the top 5 “arguments” for God’s arguments for God’s existence that you need to avoid: #1. This section contains material that confronts and rebuts these theistic arguments. First formulated by St. Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, then taken up by Alvin Plantinga. For those things which are the greatest truths are the greatest beings, as is stated in Metaphysics Bk. Therefore, the Universe had a cause. Reading Time: 5 minutes Christians often encounter people who doubt the existence of God. By the way, a “cosmological” argument is any argument for God’s existence that’s based on the mere existence of the cosmos, the universe. The problem with the problem of evil is that if God does not exist, there can be no real evil to object to. That is, none of the abovearguments really prove that God exists. You won’t … The argument of causation is the strongest in terms of proving that God really does exist. And the only rational explanation for the world is that it had a cause; it had a beginning; and that cause was personal, and that cause was intelligent. They are:the argument from “first mover”;the argument from causation;the argument from contingency;the argument from degree;the argument from final cause or ends (“teleological argument”). We perceive a series of efficient causes of things in the world. A philosophic question: Does God reveal his nature both through general (natural) and special revelation? Criticism typically deals with the Ontological Argument committing a “bare assertion fallacy,” which means it asserts qualities inherent solely to an unproven statement, without any support for those qualities. However, given that most Atheists use naturalistic materialism as the foundation of Atheism, is is a very viable argument. First, the question of evidence for God’s existence is not a matter of some evidence being for God’s existence and some being against. It has a fancy name—the Kalam cosmological argument—but it’s really easy to understand. Anselm’s eleventh-century argument was the first of its kind and continues to resurface in different forms. These are among my favorite arguments for the existence of God. What are valid arguments for His existence that are obvious? God knows everything (1 John 3:20) so we know that He is the only possible explanation for how the watch came into existence. A teleological argument seeks to demonstrate that the appearance of purpose or design is itself evidence of a designer.The counter to such a claim suggests that what “appears” to be designed is simply … Very basically, it argues that God must exist, because, in Lewis’s words: “Supposing there was no intelligence behind the universe, no creative mind. Thomas Aquinas and the Arguments about the Existence of God The existence of God had always been a controversial and debatable topic. Building on the logic of legendary philosopher Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas outlined compelling reasons for people to embrace the existence of God. But the second point requires the Universe to have had a cause, and we still aren’t sure it did. While most atheists & agnostics are non-confrontational, there is a vocal minority who are obnoxious, aggressive, and downright mean. Therefore: (3) The universe has a reason for its existence. Apologists rely on a variety of arguments to substantiate the existence of a God, or to support the claims of divinity by a particular denomination's founder(s) or for its sacred texts. 1. Unless I believe in God, I cannot believe in thought: so I can never use thought to disbelieve in God.”. Arguments for the existence of God are usually classified as either a priori or a posteriori—that is, based on the idea of God itself or based on experience. Since the Enlightenment, monotheistic concepts have also come under criticism from atheism and pantheism.. Yes, God is the first cause, the designer of life,the resurrected Christ, the Author of Scripture, and the Savior of Christians.Yet the way these facts are used is not decisive. Anselm’s version was, to be frank, a little silly. There is one thing every person knows, no matter where he lived or when he lived. This argument is quite brazen in its simplicity, requiring not only a belief in God, but a belief in the necessity of God. Question from Marvin: What are the top most powerful arguments for the existence of God, and if there’s a logical order in which we should present them. This treatment by Craig packs a wallop. Nothing finite and contingent can cause itself. If you want the philosophic mumbo jumbo, here it is. By the end of each argument, Aquinas' concept of God has only minimal content which he fleshes out through the rest of the Summa theologiae. G. Stolyarov II. Such a fallacious argument does not make your case. Ontology is the branch of Philosophythat explores the concept of existence. Note, by the way, that this line of thinking puts the cause of the cosmos outside of the material universe. There’s a reason for this. The complaint about evil itself requires transcendent, universal laws that govern the world—objective morality—in order for real evil to exist as a violation of those laws. Morality, they argue, is not universal. This list may not reflect recent changes (). If you believe he is necessary, then you must believe he exists. C. S. Lewis (who wrote “The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe”) came up with this. Some of the above arguments are very weak: appeals to personal experience,vicious circular reasoning, and appeals to a first cause. Abstract. Feel free to comment on the veracity (or your opinion of) each but remember to keep calm and argue reasonably. That’s relativism. If God is all powerful, God is able to prevent any evil he wishes to prevent. Sequentially speaking, these three points are true. For in depth analysis of the individual arguments, see unmoved mover, first cause, argument from contingency, argument from degree, or teleological argument. 5) Even the Devil believes The Devil is God’s adversary (1 Peter 5:8), yet we also know that the Devil believes in God’s existence (James 2:19). Now, none of these arguments make a definitive case for the existence of God, and many of them are (fairly) easily debunked or problematized (as I'll try to show). This argument, originally formulated by a Benedictine monk named St. Anselm and has gone through several revisions over the centuries. A~~~~~ “Convincing” of course, depends on your level of gullibility. “God exists, provided that it is logically possible for him to exist.”. But none of this has anything to do with God’s existence. My second favorite argument for God’s existence is a little easier. Arguments for the existence of God are usually classified as either a priori or a posteriori—that is, based on the idea of God itself or based on experience. Transcendent moral laws require a transcendent lawmaker—God. But there is objective morality (evidenced by the problem of evil). Argument 5: The Ontological Argument. Logical arguments for the existence of God. If God is perfectly good, God wishes to prevent any evil he can prevent. The witness argument gives credibility to personal witnesses, contemporary and from the past, who disbelieve or strongly doubt the existence of God. The following was originally published here as part of a Q&A with Greg Koukl on RZIM Connect. 2. But its primary weak point is that, in the strictest sense, it is not a proof of God’s existence because it requires the assumption that human minds can assess the truth or falsehood of a claim, and it requires that human minds can be convinced by argumentation. God wouldn’t lie and so God exists. Aquinas’ Five Ways. 5) The fact that mathematics can actually describe the universe in a coherent way with simple mathematical equations. If no moral laws, then no broken laws. Many other lines of reasoning have been used, but the three most significant you should know are the creation (“cosmological”) argument, the design (“teleological”) argument and the moral argument. Yet there is a problem of evil (we all know this), so there must be broken laws, so there must be laws, so there must be a transcendent law maker, so there must be a God. But in order to reject the assumption that human minds can assess the truth or falsehood of a claim, a human mind must assume that this claim is true or false, which immediately proves that human minds can assess the truth or falsehood of a claim. Arguments for the Existence of God Philosophers have tried to provide rational proofs of God's existence that go beyond dogmatic … Arguments for and against the Existence of God The polytheistic conceptions of God were criticized and derided by the monotheistic religions. Ontological: It is possible to imagine a perfect being. If God is perfectly good, God … First, for anything that came into existence, there must have been something that caused it to come into existence. What are the most convincing arguments for the existence of God? Arguments for the Existence of God. And like the other classic arguments, this one has been highly critiqued. Religious topics abound on Listverse and they are frequently the most commented upon. Richard Dawkins, the most famous, or infamous, Atheist around these days, argues that just because we come across a “smelly” object, does not require that we believe that we believe in a “preeminently peerless stinker,” in his words. Five Arguments for the . This is the argument for God. They mean there really are evil, wicked things that take place (objectivism). I have seen people use that argument or something like it, … If you answered “the problem of evil,” you’d be right. On the contrary, the argument of intelligent design is the weakest because it suggests that God’s existence is only necessary for unintelligent beings, instead of … David wrote most of the Psalms and in many of these he wrote that it was obvious that the universe was created and thus, demanded a Creator. Therefore, the material universe must have had a cause. Everyone knows the world is broken. In the first part of his Summa Theologica, Thomas Aquinas developed his five arguments for God’s existence. It was around before Aquinas, at least as early as Plato and Aristotle, and in basic terms, it goes like this: 1. My second favorite argument for God’s existence is a little easier. Let me introduce the first one—my favorite—with a question: What is the most frequently raised objection against theism of any sort? Also known as proofs for God's existence, these arguments have not always come with full acceptance. The argument which you present: “God has no beginning and therefore he has always existed” is *not* a statement of the cosmological argument but a straw man argument of your own devising. Moral arguments are both important and interesting. Every finite and contingent being has a cause. This book assesses the worth of arguments for and against the existence of God. In this post, I’ll discuss the creation argument. Probably the most popular argument for God's existence is the teleological argument. Pages in category "Arguments for the existence of God" The following 31 pages are in this category, out of 31 total. Investigation into origins questions often lead into speculation about the nature of a power much greater than ourselves. Marvin, this one is fairly easy for me since I have two favorites I think are relatively easy to follow and are really powerful evidences for God. In this section you will find arguments of many different kinds for the existence of God. Yes. Although the teleological argument dates at least as far back as Plato, it is perhaps most memorable today from the work of William Paley (1743-1805), in his Natural Theology (1… Arguments for the Existence of God The arguments themselves are arranged under the following headings: Pascal’s Wager, The Ontological Argument, The Cosmological Argument (including the first cause argument), The Teleological Argument (i.e. Saint Anselm (1033-1109) was an Archbishop of Canterbury and Benedictine Monk and created the Ontological Argument from the perspective of 'faith seeking understanding' rathe… It is one of the most ancient arguments in favor of the existence of God. This is an opportunity to present the essence of some of my ideas on this subject. Contrary to popular belief, the problem of evil is not a good argument against God. In one sentence, this summarizes the "Moral Argument" for the existence of God. Put most simply, “a Big Bang needs a big Banger.” The bang didn’t bang itself. Therefore, the argument is sound. Thomas Aquinas’s arguments for God consisted of: Argument from Motion. “Perhaps the most popular and intuitively plausible argument for God’s existence is the so-called argument from design. In this article I outline two epistemological theistic arguments. And we make to you, the reader, an initial appeal. Thomas Aquinas had five arguments as proof of the existence of God. Explore our latest content and live stream the radio program with our mobile apps. Criticism declares that it is unfair to argue for every thing’s cause, and then argue for the sole exception of a “First Cause,” which did not have a cause. But “more” or “less” are terms spoken concerning various things that approach in diverse manners toward something that is the “greatest,” just as in the case of “hotter” approaching nearer the “greatest” heat. The information in this article is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to apologetics arguments. This book assesses the worth of arguments for and against the existence of God. Two Epistemological Arguments for the Existence of God. Murder was perfectly fine for the soldiers of the First Crusade, who slaughtered every man, woman, and child in Jerusalem in 1099. Non-Existence of God. It’s actually one of the best arguments for God. It should be noted that all the facts used by the Christian in the above hypotheticalconversation are true. 3. Moral arguments for God’s existence form a diverse family of arguments that reason from some feature of morality or the moral life to the existence of God, usually understood as a morally good creator of the universe. “The Big Bang” is the most prevalent astrophysical theory today, but it has its detractors, most arguing that because the mathematics that leads back to a big bang do not function at the point immediately prior to the big bang, those mathematics were invalid to begin with. For one thing, these arguments don’t seem to establish the existence of any particular god. You’ve probably already heard of it in some form. On some level, both the cosmological and the teleological arguments assume general revelation is valid. I have seen people use that argument or something like it, not many, but often enough to mention it here. By the way, a “cosmological” argument is any argument for God’s existence that’s based on the mere existence of the cosmos, the universe. We realize that many people, both believers and nonbelievers, doubt that God's existence can be demonstrated or even argued about. As you can see, these four arguments form a logical explanation for believing in the existence of God. What Apologetic Arguments Are There for the Existence of God? It sounds powerful, and the final judgment on it is still out there. Saying the world is “supposed” to be a certain way requires a “sposer,” so to speak—someone who intended the world to be much better than it is. Here’s why. Even if the arguments are correct, it doesn’t look like Aquinas gets us to the personal, loving God that many people pray to. Note: These all deal with the Judeo-Christian God. Here we present five arguments in favor of the existence of God, and the counterargument for it. An example of the latter is the cosmological argument , which appeals to the notion of causation to conclude either that there is a first cause or that there is a necessary being from whom all contingent beings derive their existence. Premise 1) If objective moral values exist,then God exists. others. This is only an introduction to the main arguments for God’s existence. If there is no God, then there is no objective morality (no lawmaker, then no laws). Now, none of these arguments make a definitive case for the existence of God, and many of them are (fairly) easily debunked or problematized (as I'll try to show). Here are five rational arguments to help every Christian to discuss the existence of God with atheists or agnostics. Fortunately, it was a multiple option poll, so I selected The Kalam Cosmological Argument, The Fine-Tuning Argument, The Local Fine-Tuning Argument, The Moral Argument, and The Ontological Argument. It is also criticized as a circular argument, revolving from a premise to a conclusion which relies on the premise, which relies on the conclusion. In the West, they lead to speculation about God; more specifically, they motivate arguments designed to establish the existence of God with the use of “unaided reason”. Arguments for the Existence of a God. There are several forms of existence, for example our existence in a physical sense -- we take up space, we can be seen and heard, but Prime numbers also exist in the real of mathematical concepts even though they are not available to be perceived by the senses. However, he laid the groundwork for future philosophers to make it into a robust argument for God’s existence. 2. Unlike Paschal’s wager, which had as its origin a man many considered a heretic, the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God dates back … Therefore, if God has both those properties, there is no evil. Here we present five arguments in favor of the existence of God, and the counterargument for it. Notes included below. (4) If the universe has a reason for its existence then that reason is God. After all, it is our ability to be reasonable (rationality) which separates us from the other animals! This is one of St. Thomas Aquinas’s “Five Proofs of God,” and still causes debate among the two sides. The major proofs, with their corresponding objections, are as follows: 1. There are a number of ways to classify such arguments for God’s existence. Yes. Here’s the basic idea. Things are not the way they’re supposed to be. 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